Transfers of Copyright Rights


      Copyright rights owned by others are not readily transferred unless certain legal formalities are met. Copyrighted works created by an employee in the course of his or her job are automatically owned by the employer. When outside vendors or consultants are used to create copyrighted works, care must be exercised to be sure the commissioning party owns the copyright rights. To achieve ownership, the party who is to own the copyright rights must include in a written contract certain specific, detailed contractual provisions in a form required by law. Failure to meet these strict requirements before the work is created may result in the rights remaining with the vendor or consultant.